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        澳门威尼斯人体育客户端官方下载ByLaiYouweiResearchReportNo043,2006SeveralOpinionsoftheGeneralOfficeoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaandtheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilonStrengtheningtheWorkofDevelopingandUtilizingInformationResources()alreadylaidoutguidingopinionsonsotingthedevelopmentofChina’sinformationresourcesindustrywhilestrengtheningtheworkofdevelopingandutilizinginformationresources,thispaper,targetingonseveralproblemsnowexistinginChina’sinformationresourcesindustry,raisessomespecificpolicyrecommendationstopromotethedevelopmentofChina’motingInformationResourcesIndustryDevelopinginformationresourcesindustryisconducivetopromotingthedevelopmentanduseofinformationresources,promotingthetransformationoftraditionalindustriesandoptimizingChina’seconomicandindustrialstructure,andisthenaturalchoiceforincreasingChina’ationresourcesindustryandatthesametimelearningfromtheexperiencesandlessonsofthedevelopmentofChina’sstrategicindustriessuchasenergy,webelievethatitisnecessaryandamustfortheChinesegovernmenttoorganizerelevantdepartmentsandenterprisestomakeresearchandworkoutthestrategyforthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,andtov:informationresourcesindustryAsalatecomerindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,Chinafacesanurgenttaskindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,andChinashould,atthesatelevel,provideenoughandfo,withreferencetothepreferentialpoliciesprovidedtothehi-techindustryandthesoftwareindustry,shouldstudyandmakepoliciesandplansforpromotingthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,andworkoutspecificpolicymeasuresforpromotingthedevelopmentoftheinformationresesindustryIntheprocessofdevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,thegovernmentoftheRepublicofKoreagaveprioritysupporttothedevelopmentofculturalindustryasrepresentedbyInternetgamesandfilmandtelevision,arigidindustrialcountryintoa"countryofcultureexports"withunlimitedcreation,andthe"ROKwind"tsdevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,giveprioritysupporttothedevelopmentofafewfieldsoftheinformationresourcesindustryandguidetheseindustriesintodomesticandglobalpowerhousesandconsequentlyincreaseChina’’sinformationresourcesindustryAtpresent,therearedifferentviewsandopinionsinChinaonhowtodefinetheinformationresourcesindustry,ortobespecific,alinfor,archives,broadcastingandTVindustry,movieprojectionindustry,theproductionandcirculationindustryofmoviesandvideos,musicpublishingindustry,thepublicationofnewspapers,magazinesandperiodicals,thepublishingindustryofbooks,kinganddigitalizednewcontentindustry,includingthreemajorcategories:thefirstcategoryincludesdigitalmediaanddigitalvideoindustryforentertainmentconsumption,includingtheindustryofdigitalbroadcastinganddigitalTV,digitalvideos,wide-bandcontentservices,Internet-basedgamesandvalue-addedmobileandwirelessservices;thesecondcategoryincludesindustriesthatservecommercialactivities,mainlycommercialdatabases;thethirdcategoryincludesindustriesthatservestudy,education,scienceandresearch,includingtheindustryofInternet-basededucation,digitalpublishing,digitallibrary,,’sinformationresourcesindustryinascientificwaybyrelevantgovernmentdepartments,academiccirclesandenterprises,soastobuildasolidfoundationforofinformationresourcesindustryfromthestrategicpointofviewofimplementingtheconceptofscientificdevelopmentandspeedingupthedevelopmentofmodernserviceindustryWeshouldopenourmind,transformthetraditionalwayofthinking,improvetheunderstandingandleadershipcapacityovertheinformationresourcesindustryamongtheleadersofthecentralandlocalgovernments,integratethedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryfromthepointofviewofimplementingconceptofscientificdevelopmentwithspeedingupthedevelopmentofmodernserviceindustry,andtreattheaccele,wewillguidethecentralandlocalleaderstocorrectlyunderstandthefar-reachingsignificanceofspeedingupthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryinpromotingeconomicgrowthandtheoptimizationandupgradingofindustrialstructure,inalleviatingtheemploymentpressure,inservingthepeople’sroutinelife,insatisfyingthepeople’,wediscoveredthatthegovernmentdepartmentsofJiangsu,Shanghai,BeijingandHunanprovincesandmunicipalitiespaidhighattentiontothedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,havetakenspecificmeasurestopromoteitsdevelopmenticipalitiesindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustrytootherregionsandareas,anddevelopapatternthatallministriesandcommissionsofthecentralgovernmentshouldsupportlocalitiesindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustryandlocalitiesshouldhelponea,wewilldeepentheunderstandingoftheinformationresourcesindustryamongleaders,entrepreneursandallsocialcirclessothattheyrealizeChina’sinformationresourcesindustryisamodernserviceindustrywithbrightmarketprospectandhashugepotentialfordevelopment,learnandknowthecharacteristicsandlawsofthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,a,wewillmakefulluseofthemediasuchasbroadcasting,TV,newspapersandmagazinesandtheInternettogivefullcoverageofthetheoriesonthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,internationaldevelopmenttrends,state’spoliciesforthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryandtheexperiencesofallregionsindevelopinginformationresourcesindustry,fosterandpopularizemodelsindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,andcreateafavorableenvironmentforpromotingthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry.ByHanJun,XuXiaoqingXiaoJunyanResearchReportNo206,topreliminarystatisticsfromtherelevantdepartments,naturaldis,duetotheimprovedsupplyanddemandoffarmproductsintheinternationalmarketinthepasttwoyears,thestagnantpriceoffarmproductsintheinternationalmarkethadano,aseriesofmeasureshadbeentakenbytheCentralGovernmentin2005forthepurposeofensuringthestabilityingrainproduction,alleviatingthefinancialburdenonfarmers,increasingthefarmers’,%yearonyear;,anincreaseof1%.Atpresent,autumncropharvestingistobegin,andiftheweatherconditionsarefavorable,itislikelythattheannualgrainoutput,,’incomesincreasedsignificantlyInthefirsthalfof2005,theper-capitacashincomeoffarmerswas1,586yuan,%s’income,whichwasrarelyseeninthepastyears,,layingasolidfoundationforthegrowthoffarmers’’income:first,,per-capitaincomewas521yuan,%yearonyear,,,%;andper-capitaincomefrommigrantlaborerswas191yuan,%,,per-capitacashincomefromsalesoffarmproductswas707yuan,%,80%camefromtheincrementalamountoffarmproductssold,and20%,incomefromf,per-capitaincomewas241yuan,%,,eachfarmergot8yuanfromsubsidiesforgrain,farmingmachinesandrefinedseeds,,adeclineof51%yearonyear,ofwhich,per-capitaamountofagriculturaltaxpaymentwaslessthan1yuan,%,theproductionofmajorfarmproductscouldbestabilizedandwouldincreaseslightly,andthegrowthrateoffarmers’,,judgingfromthefourthquarter,therearealsosomeobviousuncertainfactorsintheruraleconomicperformance,,theeconomicgrowthrateinthesecondhalfoftheyearsloweddownslightly,theproblemofovercapacityinsomesectorsbegantoexposeitself,,itwillhaveanimpactonthe,thepriceofenergycontinuestohoveratahighlevel,thiswillnotonlyleadtothehighlevelofpricesoffarmingmaterialsandtotheriseofagriculturalproductioncosts,butalsolikelycausetheresidentstocutdowntheirexpenditure,adjusttheirconsum,%percent,andofthe314yuanoffarmers’incomeincrease,,however,duetosuchfactorsasabasicallybalancedsupplyanddemandandtheanticipationforanincreasesupply,,grainproductionofmajorgrainproducingcountriesintheworlddeclinedsignificantlyduetoseriousnaturaldisasters,andgrainpriceskeptrising,andtheriseofChina’,grainoutputintheworldincreasedby10%,andin2005,,grainpriceontheinternationalmarketcontinuestodecline,houghthestatehasadoptedfairlyforcefulpolicymeasurestoreigninthepriceriseoffarmingmaterials,theeffectisprettylimited,,%yearonyear,ofwhich,%.Eveniftheriserateofpriceiscomputedat15%,farmerswouldhavetopayanextraofmorethan30billionyuanforfarmingmaterialsintheyear,:energypricesofpetroleum,naturalgasandcoalarestillhoveringathighlevels,thetrafficandtransportationbottlenecksarestillthere,andthecostsforthepparedtothepreviousyear,anditsstimulatingroleisweakeningIn2005,theCentralGovernmentcontinuedtoincreasepolicyinvestmentinthecountryside,buttheincreaseofdirectsubsidiesforfarmerswasnotthatremarkable,anditsstimulatingroleinbo,althoughthenumberofprovinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesabolishingagriculturaltaxonfarmersincreasedto27,theamountofagriculturaltaxexemptedtotaledto22billionyuan,plusthenewlyincreasedsubsidiesforgrainproduction,r,,equivalentto56%ofthatinthepreviousyear.

        澳门威尼斯人体育客户端官方下载ByLvGang,Re,2006Sincethepolicyofreformandopeningupwasintroduced,hugeprogresshasbeenmadeinChinasforeigntrade,withtotalexportvolumeincreasinginarapidandcontinuousmannerandtheshareofmanufacturedgoods,mechanicalandele,manypeoplebelievethatChinasexportsexportstructureThisis,infact,anissueofhowtoevaluateChinasindustrialstructurewhichismirroredinthecountry,itwouldbedifficulttojudgethedevelopmentphaseofChinasforeigntradeandindustrialization,andevenmoresotoestablishsuitablepoliciestofurtherraisethelevelofthecountry,thisarticleanalyzesthedevelopmentofChinasexportstructuresincethemid1990sandcomparesitwiththatofdevelopedcountrieslikeSouthKorea,Germany,hnologicalstructureofanationsexportsistoclassifytheminto8categoriesbyone-digitcodesoftheStandardInternationalTradeClassification(SITC)oftheUnitedNations,inwhichCategories0~4areclassifiedasprimaryproducts,Categories6and8aslabor-intensivepr,,notallironandsteelprsmore,thecharac[1]istoclassifyabout200products,usingthethree-digitSITCcodes,into5categoriesbytheintensityofRDinputs,namely,primaryproducts,resource-basedproducts,lowtechnologymanufactures,mediumtechnologymanufacturesandhightechnologymanufactures(SeeTable1below).,itfailstodistinguishtheRDintensitiesofthesameproductindifferentprocessingstages,,thismethodisapparentlymore,thisapproachisappliedintheanalysisofthisarticle.FangJinSincethe1990s,especiallyfromthebeginningofthe21stcentury,theinformationtechnologyrevolutionandthereformscarriedoutinvar,economicglobalizationcontinuestopressforward,bringingupnewfeatures;ontheotherhand,thegradualemergenceofmanydeveloping,takingtheoverallpatternforworldeconomicdevelopmentanditsnewchangesintofullaccountisamustinstudyingthefutureorientationforChina    ,economicglobalizationcontinuestopressaheadandassumessomenewfeaturesinitsdevelopment.  Firstly,,themarketsegmentationcausedbypolitic,theformerSovietUnioncountriesandmajordevelopingcoun,moreandmoreecmentoftradeliberalizationandgavebirthtotheWorldTradeOrganizationcoveringawiderrangeofareassuchasmerchandisetrade,,regionsandmultilateraleconomicrelationshavecreatedunprecedentedfavorab,grershasgivenmoreprominencetotheeffectsofcomparativeadvantageivisionoflabortointra-industrialdivisionoflabor,whileintra-industrialorint,transnationalcorporationshavegrad/,therelationshipofinterestsamongvariouscountriesandamongdifferentci,,anavalancheof380regionaltradeagreementshadbeenreportedtotheWorldTradeOrganization(includingthosereportedtotheformerGATT),,alargenumberofregionaltradeagreementsarecurrentlybeingnegotiatedanditisestimatedthat,allW,themassf,theamountofforeignexchangetransactionsonworldfinancialmarketreached4trillionUSdollarsperdayonaveragein2007,up154%,up160%,thefinancialcapitalflewmainlyacrossthedevelopedcountries;nevertheless,theproportionofcapitalflowingbetweenthedevelop,thevolumeofportfolioinvestmentandinvestmentinfinancial-derivativeshavebeengrowingrapidly,,theofficialreservesofvariouscountrieshavebeenaugmentedfast,andthedistributionofthereservesisquiteuneven,,thecurrentaccountdeficitsoftheUnitedStateswasequivalentto60%oftheworld%oftheworldGDP,andthetotalsurplusofthetopfivesurpluscountrieswasequivalentto53%oftheworld%ertrade,investmentandpersonnelflows,buttransactions,settlementsandreservecurrenciesareonlyconfinedtocurrenciesofaminorityofdevelopedcountries,,byusingtheirfinancialadvantages,haveshiftedtheirdomesticeconomicproblemsontoothercountries,,financialinstitutionsfrom-economyandfinancialmarketindevelopingcountries.    Firstly,itwillbehardfort,thelinksbetweenvariouscountries,underthejurisdictionoftheWorldTradeOrganization,themaximumbenefitfromit;therefore,,theinformationtechnologyrevolution,anotherimportantforceforeconomicglobalization,isstillontherise,andthepotentialforenterprisesandindividualstouseinformationtechnologytochangetransnationalproduction,operation,,thedrivingforceandthetechnologicalfoundationforeconomicglobalizationwillnotchange.  Secondly,theunevendistributiono,,theproportionoftheabsoluteimpoverishedpopulations(whohavelessthan1USdollaradayforliving)ofthedevelopingcountriesintheglobalhasreducedbyalmosthalf,,theproportionoftheabsoluteimpoverishedpopulationinSub-SaharaAfricahasgoneup,,theincomegapbetweenskilledworkersandnon-skilledworkershasbeenconstantlywid,thedifferenceinaveragewagesofAmericanskilledworkersandnon-skilledworkershasenlargedby30%.Theunevendistributionofgainshasworsenedtheconflictsbetweenvariouscountriesandamongdifferentinterestgroupsandislikelytochangetheglobalizationprocessandeventoincurretrogression,whichwouldproduceuncertaintyinfutureworldeconomicgrowth.

        ByWuJinglianResearchReportNo195,seconomicgrowthsincethefoundingofthePeoplesRepublichasbeenfollowingthepat,thecontemporaryeconomicdeenturytotheearlystageofgrowt,thh,whichlast,thedevelopedcountriesenteredaperiodofeconomicgrowthcharacter,thedevelopmenteconomicsformednewtheorieaseriesofnegativeeconomicandsocialconsequences,suchastheworseninglivingconditionsoftheworkingclassandtheseriouspollutions,whichwerecalledtheevilsoftheso-called"ManchesterCapitalism".theratioofcapitaltolaborandtheratioofinvariablecapitaltovariablecapital,namelytheorganiccompositionofcapital,theratioofvariablecapital(capitalusedforwagepayment)tivelysurpluspopulation(namelytheunemployedpopulation).Inotherwords,theincomeoftheworkersortheproportionoftheirconsumptionfundsinthenationalincomewouldbecomeincreasinglysmaller,whichinturncausedth,sanalysisofthemodeofeconomicgrowthintheearlyye,whiletheearlyindustrializedcountrieshadallturnedtothemodernmodeofefficiency-drivengrowthinthelate19thcentury,thesocialistcountriesledbytheSovieinthe1920scharacterizedbyaconsciousintroductionoftheearlycapitalismmodeofgrowth,namelythe"lineofsocialistindustrializationgivingprioritytothedevelopmentofheavyindustry".This"lineofsocialistindustrialization"putfo,itwasoutofpracticalneed,theneedthattheSovietUnionsurrsethelegitimacyoftheirlineandsuppresstheinner-partyopponentsinthepartysstrugglesthattheycitedtheexpositionsontheearlygrowthofcapitalismmadebyVlnsectorproducingmeansofproduction,fastinthemeansofproductionsectorproducingconsumergoods,ateinvestmentmadetoensuretheprioritygrowthoftheheavyindustrywasaconsciousapplicationofthe"basicprinciplesofMarxstheoryofreproduction".Stalins"lineofsocialistindustrialization"wasconfirmedbytheSovietCommunistPartyastheonlycorrectlineinthecountrys"campaignagainstrightopportunism",Feldman,aneconomistoftheSovietPlanningCommission,wasauthorizedto,knownastheFeldmanmodel,,includingChina,ismodeofgrowthasfromthelate1950sandtooksomemeasuresinthecourseofreformandopeninguptoalleviateandeliminateitsconsequences,achangeinthemodeofgrowthhasneverbecomofindustrialization,somecountriesandregionsinEas,thesecountriesandregi,,toagreatextent,becausemanycountriesandregionsinEastAsiaadoptedanexport-orientedpolicyandreplacedtheshrinkingdomesticdemandwiththeexportdemandsoastoeasethesl,theexport-orientedpolicyfeaturingtheappropriategovernmentprotectionofnationalenterprisesandthedevaluationofnationalcurrencieswasoftenregardedasoneoftheimportantmagicweaponsforcreatingthe"EastAsianmiracle"eformin1994,Chinaalsosuccessfullyusedthisapproachtoseekavigorousexportgrowthandtosupportasustainedrapideconomicgrowthwiththerobustexportdemand.澳门大阳城苹果客户端Figure1EnergyConsumptionIntensitiesinVariousRegionsofChinain2006Source:ChinaStatisticalYearbook2007Ahorizontalcomparisonbetweendifferentregionsindicatesthatenergyintensityisaffectedbythreemainfactors:pricelevel,,themoredevelopedaregionaleconomyis,thehigheritspricele,aregionthathasahighproportionofhighenergy-c,aregionwitharelativelylowtechnologicallevelandalowefficiencthetotalamountofeconomicdevelopment,industrialstructureals,d,theenergyi,,,,secondaryandtertiaryindustriesFigure2illustratesthestructuresoftheprimary,,ShanghaiandTibet,allotherregionshadalargelyidenticalproportionofthetertiaryindustry,atabout38%.Butth,excludingBeijingandHainan,hadarelativelyhighproportionofindustry(%onaverage).Itwasfollowedbythenortheastregion(%onaverage),andthecentralandwestregionsexcludingTibet(%%).sAmongtheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustries,theindustria,differe,theeconomicsurveydataindicatethatin2004,theenergyconsumptionfor10,000-yuanoutputvaluebythesegmentofnon-metalmineralproducts(buildingmaterials,etc),whichwas32timesasmuchasthatofthesegmentofelectronicsandcommunicationsequipmentmanufacturing().Therefore,eveniftworegionshaveasimilarstructureoftheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustries,theirenergyintensitiescanstillbeverydifferentiftheyhavedifferentstructuresofindustrialsegments.

        LiuShijin,,anaveragegrowthrateofmorethan9%a,SingaporeandChinasHongKonghavebeenabletomaintainanaveragegrowthrateofmorethan7%,industrialization,someeconomieswerenotedforfairlyhighgrowthratesandshorterlengthsoftime,butfewofthemcouldmaintainahighgrowthratefor30~,whichhavebeenregardedastypicalsuccesses,,theoldindustrializedcountrieshadalsoseentheirde,whichhavemaintainedrapidgrowthfor40years,meanditsgrossdomesticproducthasbeenexpandingrapidly,inevitablytherehavebeensomepositiveornegativecommentsbothathomeandabroadontheprospectsofChinaseconomicdevelopment,suchasthenotionsof"Chinaopportunity","Chinacollapse"and"Chinathreat".AsfarastheChineseeconomyisconcerned,ithastrulyexperi,thegrowthrateoftheChineseeconomyhasexceeded10%,theGDPexceeded21trillionyuanandthepercapitaincomereached2,000dollarsafterpassingthe1,,,thestructuralchangesandcontradictionshavealsobecomemoreconspicuous.--Theproductionandcons,somepeopleonceheldthatsteelproductiontotalingalittlemorethan100milliontonswouldbeenoughforChina;in2006,Chinassteelproductionexceeded460milliontons.--utes,environmentalcapacityhaslittleroomforadjustmentbecauseitisimmovable.--Thepewageofordinarylaborhasbeenrisingatanaverageannualrateof15~20%,withthepriceofthelandforproductivepurposebeingmorethandoubledinsomeplaces.--Whiletheeconomyasawholehasbeengrowingrapidly,,pment.--,landexpropriation,workerlayoff,socialinsecurity,--"Chinafactor"sforeignexchangereservehasexceeded1trilliondollars,,tradesurplushasexceeded100billiondollars,internationaltradefri,"newchanges"isthatinasense,theyhaveentereda"turningpoint".Hereweneedtoconsidertwointer-relatedquestions:HaveweenteredorareweenteringanewdevelopmentperiodthatisquitedifferentfromthepastonesIfwehaveenteredsuchanewperiod,cantheexistingmodeofdevelopmenteffectivelydealwithmanycontradictionsandchallengesfacingussothattheChineseeconomycanmaintainthemomentumofasustainabledevelopmentWhatcanbeconcludedisthatwehaveenteredorareenteringanewperiodofdevelopment,bueemergingcontradictionsandchallengesinthenewperiod,,thegrowingpressurearisingfromresourceandenvironmentalconstraintshasbeenaresultoftheco-actionbetweenresourceendowment,,itspercapitapossessionofmostresourcesislowerthantheworld,theresourceconstraintconfrontingCh,whichshowsaninvertedUshape,years,theoverallamountofenergyconsumptionhasbecomrmountable,,whichareinthesameindustryandhaveroughlythesamedevelopmentconditions,canvarygreatlyoneanothents.澳门威尼斯人体育客户端官方下载

        澳门威尼斯人体育客户端官方下载ByLongGuoqiang,Re,2008Chinasprocessingtrade,whichwasinitiatedin1979,nowaccountsforhalfofthecountryngandupgradingofprocessingtrade,,itisofmajorpracticalsignificancetosummarizethehistoricalexperienceindevelopingprocessingtradeandtoconsiderthedirectionofandpolicyonthefuturerestructuringandupgradingofprocessingtradeatatisOpening-upStrategyAfterChinabeganreformandopeningup,itadjusteditseconomicdevelopmentstrategy,switchingfromthe"importsubstitution"strategyundertheplannedeconomytothestrategyof"combiningimportsubstitutionwithexportorientation".Inotherwords,thecapitalandtechnology-intensivesectorswouldcontinuetopursuetheimportsubstitutionstrategy,whiexchangesfortheimportsubstitutionsectorstoimporttechnologies,,thecoregoalofChina"earningforeignexchangesthroughexport",China,thegovernmentadopteddiversemeasurestoencourageexport-orientedprojects,suchasestablishingspecialeconomiczones,improvinginfrastructure,offeringpreferentialta,itsetperformancerequirementsfortheforeign-investedprojects,mainlyconcerninglocalcontents,,itcuttheincometaxbyhalffortheexport-orientedenterprises(whoseexportexceeded70%ofitsoutputvalue).OneoensiveindustriesinJapanandotherEastAsianemergenteconomieswerelooki"massimportsandmassexports".TheymustimporttheirrawmaterialsandsparepainvestedprojectsbecameakeyfactorforwhetherChinacouldseizetheoppor,Chinasimportsubstitutionsectorsst,hightariffsandothertradebarriersobstrueensurethelow-costoperationsinChinaoftheexport-orientedforeign-investedprojectsTheChinesegovernmentintroducedapolicyonprocessingtrade,whichmeanttherawmaterialsandsparepartsimportedbyenterprisesforexport-orientedprocessingwereexemptfromtheimportdutiesandimporttaxes(theyweremainlytheproducttaxbefore1994andthevalue-addedtaxandconsumptiontaxlateron).ThispolicyeliminatedtheobstructionofChinashightariesticindustries,thedepartmentsinchargeofcustoms,inspectionandquarantinealsoconstantlyimprovedtheirregulations,greatlyfaci,,Chinahasbeenthelargestforeigninvestmentattractoramongthedevelopingcountriesintheworld,withit,,71%,Chinaimposedvar,mostoftheforeigninvestmentsinChina%,ChinacouldnothavebeensosuccesssprocessingtradehasplayedtangiblerolesindevelopingChina,theindustrializationandeconomicdevelopmentofdevelopingcountriesisrestrictedbylowexportcompetitiveness,whichresultedfromlowcomp,Chinahasisesintechnology,management,equipment,marketingchannelsandbrandswiththecountrysadvantagesinlabor,landcostandinfrastructure,ChinaturneditselfrsexportandbecomethemostimportantformofChinasForeignTrade(2007)

        LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqun,,theChineseeconomymaintainedasteadyandrapiddevelopment,withcontroloverdemandbeingfurtherimproved,supplyfurtherenhanced,aggregatebalancecontinuallyameliorateda,:productionandcirculationofagriculturalandfoodproductscouldnotadapttotheeconomicdevelopmentandtotheimprovementofthepeopleslivingstandard;integrationofexcessl(1),theGrossDomesticProduct(GDP)amountedto24,,%overlastyear,;%,%,%%,,withgrainyieldtopping1,000billionjin,,pigproductionwasbeingresumedandthetotaloutputofpork,beef,muttonandpoultrymeatcontinuedtoincrease.(2)Coordinationineconomic,thefixedassetinvestmentinthewholesocietyamountedto13,,%fromayearago,;consumptionincreasedfast,withthetotalretailvolumeofthesocialconsumergoodsduringthewholeyearamountingto8,921billionyuan,%overthepreviousyear,;adownwardadjustmentofexportgrowthwascarriedoutfromahigherlevel,andtheexportsinforeigntradereachedUS$1218billionduringthewholeyear,%,,thedemandstructureshowedanevidentchangefrombeingdrivenmainlybyinvestmentandexporttobeingpropelledbyconsumption,investmentandexport.(3),theindustrialenterprisesabovedesignatedsizeacrossChinarealizedaprofitof2,,%year-on-year;during2002-2006,profitsofenterpriseswitnessedanaverageannualincreaseof35%~2006,increaseinfinancialrevenuesinthesameyearswentupfrom500billionyuantonearly770billionyuan,andin2007thefinancialrevenuetopped5000billionyuan,withanetincreaseof1,000billionyuan.(4)%orsoascomparedtolastyear,andtotaldischargingvolumeofbothsulphurdioxideandchemicaloxygendemandsawadeclineforthefirsttimeinrecentyears.(5),theper-capitadisposableincomeofurbanandtownshipresidentsreached13,786yuan,%fromayearago,afterallowingforpricerise,%,,140yuan,%overlastyear,afterallowingforpricerise,%,,with200,000morethanin2006;attheendof2007,%,heeconomicperformanceof2007,ctjudgmentofthesituations,conducestosummingupexperienceanddrawinglessonsandisfavorableforenhancingthegovernment’sforesightinmacro-regulation.(1)RiseinhouseholdconsumerpriceswasthestructuralinflationcausedbyriseinsomefoodpricesIn2007,%,yearonyear,%.Peoplebecamemoreworriedabouttheeconorapideconomicgrowththatledtoasharppricerise,(Seetablebelow)thatamongtheex-factorypricesoftheindustrialproducts,growthofpriceindexesofthemeansofproductioncontinuedtodecline,whilepriceindexesofthemeansofsubsistencecloselyrelatedtofoodproductscontinuedtogoupand,asfoodproductsoccupiedasmallerproportioninallsocialproducts,theex-factorypriceindexesoftheindustrialproducts(includingpriceindexesofmeansofproductionandpriceindexesofmeansofsubsistence),non-foodpriceindexesmaintainedagrowthrateof1%orso,remainingstable;foo(inthesamemonth,yearonyear,%)FromJanuary-December2007ByPanYaoguo,,dgrainconsumptionbytheChinesepeople,grainstockreducedbyurbanitesandsomefarmers,scientificprogressinanimalhusbandry,theimportsofnewbreeds,theapplicationofassortedfodderandtheshortenedbreedingperiod,itwouldbefeasibletoproduce,byusingthesameamountoffodderandinashortertime,abiggerquantityofhighqualitymeat,,,thedirec,theper-capitagrainconsumptionwas145kilogramsfortheurbanpeopleand256kilogramsfortheruralpeople,andin2005,thefigurewasonly77kilogramsfortheurbanpeople,a50%decline,,,theproportionofurbanresidentsinChina,withtheincreaseofaffluentfarmersinthedevelopedareasandwiththeriseofgrainsubstitutesinthediet,directgrainconsumptionbythemajorityoftheChinesepeopleisdeclining,an,,,wheathastobeimported,,thereisagreatpotentialformulti-purposeprocessingofcorn,,today,,mosturbanc,,wh,theper-capitaedcitieswhereindustriesarefairlydeveloped,mostfarmersmovotenough,farmershavetobuygrainsfromthemarket,,thereisenoughfarmland,butmostorallthefarmlandisusedtogrowmelons,,formostruralfamiliesinthetwoestablishedapple-growingregions,,theBohaiBayareaandtheLoessPlateauinNorthwestChina,vegetablegrowersinthesuburbanareasofcities,producersinfamousvegetableandfruitgrowingareas,theyu,themainfactordrivingthedevelopme,thefodderindustryhasbecomethemaindrivingforcefortheincreaseofChina,andnewprogresshasbeenmadeintheresearchster,and70%,thegrowingareaofsi,PigsandVehicleWillBreakOutProcessingcornintofuelethanolisanewindustrytriggeredbyjointforcesofthreefactors:first,thepriceriseofoiloninternationalmarketforcespeopletofindanoilsubstitutesoastocopewiththedifficultsituationoftherisingoilprice;second,majorcities,inordertosolvetheproblemofenvironmentalpollution,usefuelethanolasasubstituteforgasolineandasustainable,environmental-friendlyandrenewableenergy;andthird,,Heilongjiang,,asubsidyof1,600yuanfromthecentralfinancewasgrantedforeachtonofethanolproduced,in2004,thesubsidywas1,400yuan,1,,,,,,,cornhasbecomeanewmaterialforfuelproduction....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.澳门威尼斯人体育客户端官方下载

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        ByHanJun,QinZhongchunCuiChuanyi,,ionforConstructingaHarmoniousSocietyinChinaRuralsocialsecuritysystemisasystemestablishedataspecificstageofsocialdevelopmentwithr,farmerswhohavelostland,ordinaryfarmers,ruralhouseholdswitheconomichardship,ruralhouseholdsinseverepoverty,andhouseholdsenjoyingthefiveguarantees(childlessandinfirmoldpeoplewhosefood,clothing,medicalcare,housingandburialexpensesaretakencareofandsubsidizedbythegovernment.).Ruralsocialsecuritysystemusuallyincludestheminimumsubsistenceallowancesforpoverty-strickenfarmers,old-agepensionsystemforordinaryfarmers,socialsecurityforfarmerswhohavelostlandandforfarmerworkers,identityandchangesinthesocialandeconomicconditions,themodeandcontentofrural,integratingitorganicallywithurbansocialsecuritysystem,andgraduallyperfectingthetwoandestablishingaunitedsocialsecuritysystemwithbothhavebecometheinevitablecourseforChinaintheprocessofcoordiotionofsocialfairnessOneoftheimportantbedrocksofsocialistharmonioussocietyistheequalityofrightsandopportunities,whichincludeequalopportunitiesforemploymentandeducation,equalbusinessandfinancingopportunities,,Chinasstandardsocialsecuritysystemonlycoverspartofurbanresidentsofgovernmentsectorsofthesociety,,mostruralhouseholdsstillseek“self-security”fromfamily,dustrialsociety,,inviewofthedevelopmenttendency,itisimperativetoprovidealargenumberoffarmerswithequalopportunitiesandrightsthroughasocialsecuritysystem,,,thenumberofelderlyover60hasexceeded10%ofthetotalruralpopulation,,%epeakofaging,theconstructionsofsocialsafetyandlegalsystemAstheindustrializationandurbanizationproceed,Chinahasenteredaphasewhenvarioussocialcontradictionsbecomeyhavenowenteredtheiroldageinsuccession,andtheevermoreprominentphenomenonofmoreoldpeopleandlessyoungpeoplehasalteredthetraditionalmodeloffamily-basedold-agecare,underwhichruralpeopleusu,ifnotproperlyhandled,,forwhomtheincomeislow,,138millionemployeesworkintownshipenterprisesandsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,whoseemploymentconditionsareunstable,,the,unabletoseekregularemploymentafterlosingtheirland,,everyyearinruralareasthereareabout70millionvictimsofvariousdisastersandover76ionandcontrol,safeguardtherightsandinterestsoffarmersanddisadvantagedgroups,embodyngcoordinateddevelopmentandbridgingthegapbetweenurbanandruralareasTheunevendevelopmentbetweenurbanandruralareashasalwaysbeenanoutstandingcontradictioninChinaydevelopment,whensocialandeconomicdevelopmenthasreachedcertainlevels,wecanexpeditethedevelopmentofthebasicsystemofruralold-agepensionandreducethegapbetweenurbanandruralareasandpromotecoordinateddev,Chinahasalreadyenteredastageinwhichindustriespromotethedevel,easesocialcontradictionsthroughsystemandmechanismconstruction,increasefarmers,whichmeansChinahasprimarilylaidthematerialfoundationforiforadvancingtheinitialperiodafterthefoundingofnewChina,theprimarytaskofthePartyandtheGovernmentwastopressforwardrurallandreformsoastoensurefarmerstohavetheirownlandandtocarryoutasysteminruralareaswithfamilysecurityasthedominantformofsocialsrySessionofthe11thCPCCentralCommittee,thestateadoptedaplannedeconomicadministrationsystem,muchattentionhasbeenattachedtopo,ru,generallyspeaking,acompletesystemframeworkhasnottakenshape;easfollows:...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.澳门威尼斯人体育客户端官方下载ByLinJiabin,,2006TheEconomicSocialAffairsDepartmentoftheOfficeoftheStateCouncilLeadingGroupforWesternDevelopmentandtheResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCounciljointlycarriedoutthe"StudyontheCountermeasuresforImprovementofRuralPublicServicesintheWesternRegion".Basedontheresearchfindingsofthestudy,weproposedthefollowingviewsandrecommendationsregardinghowtospeedupteWesternRegionTheobjectiveof"equalizationofpublicservices"isexpresslyproposedforthefirsttimeinthe"RecommendationsoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaontheFormulationofthe11thFive-YearPlanfortheDomesticEconomicandSocialDevelopment".InviewofthepracticalsituationofChina,thesignificantanddifficultpointsofrealizingtheobjectiveofequalizadway,basedontheobjectiveof"equalizationofpublicservices",itisofgreatsignificanc,itistheemarkabledifferencefromthenationalaveragelevelalareasofthewesternregioncouldenableittograduallyapproachandcatchupwiththenationalaveragelevel,andthereforefulfilltheobjectiv,itisrequiredforbridgingthegapofresidentswelfarebetweendifferentareasandurbanandruralareas,welfareistofulfilltheequalizationofbasicpublicservicesbymeansofgovernment,itistoguaranteethatsuchbasicpublicservicesastheminimumsocialsecurity,fundamentaleducationandbasicmedicalandhygieneconditionswillcoverallthepopulationsothatnthereductionofthegapofcurrentresidentswelfare,butmoreimportantly,,suchaseducationandmedicalandhygieneconditions,areinfactequivalenttotheinvestmentinputintohumanresources,and,id,greatachievementshavebeenmadeintermsoftheinfrastructureconstruction,improvementofecologicalenvironment,developmentofscienceandededontheobtainedachievementsandimplementthescientificconceptofpressingaheadthepeople-oriented,comprehensive,harmonizedandsustainabledevelopmentputforwardbytheCPCCentralCommittee,iti,whilethelarge-scaleinfrastructureandecologicalenvironmenthavewitnessedobviousimprovement,theunder-developmentincertainareasthatarecloselyconnectedwiththepeople,transportation,hospitalizationandschoolingandthemonotonousanddullegion,toupgradefullythequalityoflifeandwelfarelevelandtoenhancethedevelopmentcapacityofthefarmersinthewesternregionsho,itisrequired,,theruralareasofthewesternregionarealsotheplaceswheremostoftheethnicm,toeliminatethegapofthebasicpubicservicesbetweenthisareaandtheothersandrealizetheequalizationofpublicservicesisnotonlyanobjectivedemandforbuildingawell-offsocietyinanall-roundwaybutalsotheursofthepublicservices,therearegreatgapsofpublicservicesbetweendifferentareasandtheurbanandruralareasinChina,:,,,ity,%%ofadministrativevillagesinthe,065townshipsand51,426establishedvillageshavenopassengertransportation,%%ofthecountry/,thepoortransportation,inferiorroads,badtrafficconditionsandgreatamountofgritroadsurfacesintheruralareashaveseriouslyrestrictedtheeconomicdevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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